NTD History

Below is a summary of global NTD-related events in chronological order.

YearEvent
1997G8/G7 Denver Summit
Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto says, “Utilizing its experience in eliminating parasites, Japan wishes to lead an investigation into current global conditions and trends related to parasite control measures in collaboration with the World Health Organization and G8/G7 member nations, and to discuss the results of this investigation at next year’s Summit”11
1998G8 Birmingham Summit
Prime Minister Hashimoto promotes activities to “intensify multilateral cooperation around infectious and parasitic diseases and support efforts of the World Health Organization in these fields”2 (called the “Hashimoto initiative”)
1998Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD 2)
Participating nations announce implementation of parasite control measures in Africa 3
2000Japan announces the “Okinawa Infectious Diseases Initiative” at the Kyushu-Okinawa G8 Summit
Expresses commitments to creating measures against the “big three” infectious diseases (HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria), training staff at international parasite control centers (Thailand, Kenya, and Ghana), supporting polio initiatives, and ensuring safe water supplies4
2000United Nations (UN) Millennium Summit
The UN adopts the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
Target 6 is “Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases”5
2003World Health Organization (WHO) holds a workshop in Berlin
Issues report entitled “Intensified Control of the Neglected Diseases”6
2005WHO establishes Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) at its headquarters in Geneva 7
2007WHO issues “Global plan to combat neglected tropical diseases 2008–2015” 8
Outlines strategies for eliminating 19 diseases and sets goals
2007WHO holds 1st Global Partners Meeting on NTDs
Announces measures focused on 13 diseases9
2008G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit
G8 member nations report on fulfilment status of commitments to HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and polio, agree to support control and eradication of NTDs, and propose strengthening of public health systems and coordination of approaches for individual diseases10
2010WHO issues 1st global report on NTDs 11
Announces measures focused on 17 diseases
2010Eisai announces it will supply its lymphatic filariasis drug DEC tablets to the WHO free of charge (the first Japanese pharmaceutical company to do so)
2012WHO publishes “Accelerating work to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases—A roadmap for implementation” 7
Lists guidelines for 17 NTDs to be implemented by 2020
2012London Declaration on NTDs12
Joint statement aimed at building international public-private partnerships and controlling or eliminating 10 NTDs by 2020
2012Uniting to Combat NTD 13 is established
Partnership to fulfill the London Declaration
201366th World Health Assembly Resolution (WHA 66.12)
WHA groups all 17 diseases together as NTDs for the first time14
2015UN Summit
The UN adopts the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development centered on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and NTDs are named as Target 3.3 of the SDGs15
2016G7 Ise-Shima Summit16
Summit focuses on addressing poverty-related diseases and NTDs in pursuit of goals of managing crises, achieving universal health coverage, and strengthening measures against drug resistance. Implements policies to develop drugs and promote access to drugs, promotes grant incentives and public-private partnerships such as the Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT), maps R&D efforts, strengthens partnerships between research organizations and other such players, and promotes collaboration around drug regulations. Japan makes new financial contributions of approximately 1.1 billion dollars to global health initiatives (800 million to combating the “big three” infectious diseases and strengthening health systems through the Global Fund, 76 million to promote delivery and use of vaccines through Gavi, 130 million to R&D for NTD drugs through partnership with GHIT, 50 million to support strengthening of WHO responses to public health crises, and 50 million to support the World Bank’s Pandemic Emergency Financing Facility [PEF])
201669th World Health Assembly Resolution (WHA 69.21)
WHA approves addition of mycetoma to NTD portfolio, and discusses establishment of a process for adding new diseases to the NTD portfolio in the Strategic and Technical Advisory Group for Neglected Tropical Diseases (STAG) meeting
2017WHO holds 10th Strategic and Technical Advisory Group for Neglected Tropical Diseases (STAG) meeting
Adds three new diseases (chromoblastomycosis and other deep mycoses, scabies and other ectoparasites, and snakebite envenoming) to the NTD portfolio, raising the number from 17 to 20
2017WHO holds 2nd Global Partners Meeting on NTDs17
2017The Japanese government, World Bank, WHO, UNICEF, UHC2030, and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) jointly hold the UHC Forum 2017, and adopt the “Tokyo Declaration on UHC”
Official side event “Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): Driving progress towards UHC”is held18
2019Joint Session of Health and Finance Ministers is held at the G20 summit in Osaka
Finance and health ministers affirm commitments regarding shared understanding between G20 nations of the importance of strengthening UHC finance in developing countries19
2019Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD 7)
Participating nations affirm importance of infection control measures against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, polio, and NTDs through the Yokohama Declaration20

 

  1. Record of a press conference by Prime Minister Hashimoto. Available at: https: //www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/summit/denver/kaiken.html. (Accessed: 14th July 2018)
  2. G8 Birmingham Summit communique (provisional translation). Available at: https://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/summit/birmin98/commun.html. (Accessed: 4th August 2018)
  3. The Second Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD II): Current state of follow-up (example). Available at: https://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/area/ticad/follow01.html. (Accessed: 4th August 2018)
  4. Okinawa Infectious Diseases Initiative. (2000).
  5. United Nations Millennium Development Goals. Available at: http: //www.un.org/millenniumgoals/. (Accessed: 5th August 2018)
  6. World Health Organization (WHO). Intensified Control of Neglected Diseases. Report of an International Workshop. (2004).
  7. World Health Organization (WHO). Accelerating Work to Overcome the Global Impact of Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Roadmap for Implementation. (2012).
  8. World Health Organization (WHO). GLOBAL PLAN TO COMBAT NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES 2008–2015. (2007).
  9. World Health Organization (WHO). Report of the first global partners’ meeting on neglected tropical diseases: a turning point. (2007).
  10. Hokkaido Toyako Summit: Literature and Materials/Development and Africa. Available at: https: //www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/summit/toyako08/doc/doc080709_03_ho.html. (Accessed: 4th August 2018)
  11. World Health Organization (WHO). Working to Overcome the Global Impact of Neglected Tropical Diseases. (2010).
  12. Uniting To Combat Neglected Tropical Diseases. London Declaration On Neglected Tropical Diseases. (2012). doi: 10.1080/03064228708534241
  13. Uniting to Combat NTDs. Available at: http: //unitingtocombatntds.org/. (Accessed: 4th August 2018)
  14. WHO. Neglected tropical diseases. Sixty-Sixth World Heal. Assem. 74, v–vii (2014).
  15. WHO | SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages. WHO (2017). Available at: http: //www.who.int/sdg/targets/en/. (Accessed: 4th August 2018)
  16. G7 Ise-Shima Summit | Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Available at: https: //www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/ecm/ec/page4_001562.html. (Accessed: 5th August 2018)
  17. WHO | About the Global Partners Meeting. WHO (2017). Available at: http: //www.who.int/neglected_diseases/global-partners-meeting/Global_Partners_Meeting_on_NTDs/en/. (Accessed: 4th August 2018)
  18. UHC forum 2017 public side event “Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs): Driving progress towards UHC” held. Nagasaki University. Available at: http: //www.nagasaki-u.ac.jp/ja/about/info/news/news2544.html. (Accessed: 4th August 2018)
  19. Ministry of Finance “Finance” publication, July 2019 edition.
    https://www.mof.go.jp/public_relations/finance/201907/201907f.pdf
  20. Ministry of Foreign Affairs Yokohama Declaration 2019. https: //www.mofa.go.jp/region/africa/ticad/ticad7/pdf/yokohama_declaration_en.pdf